Oz-e- Science ESS Foundation Year

Biology Foundation Year is a Biological Sciences unit for Foundation Year students. 
It aligns to the Australian Curriculum Science Understanding:  
  • Living things have basic needs, including food and water (ACSSU002) 

Success criteria

  • Identify the needs of living things.
  • Observe living things in the environment.
  • Investigate the importance of food to birds.
  • Explain that living things need food.
  • Investigate the importance of water to plants.
  • Explain that living things need water.
  • Investigate the needs of hermit crabs.
  • Classify living and non-living things.
  • Sort the living and non-living things.
  • Identify the unique ways living things meet their needs.
  • Compare the needs of humans and hermit crabs.
  • Plan a diorama for your chosen living thing.
  • Communicate the needs of your chosen living thing. 

Learning objectives

In Lessons 1 to 9, students learn to:
  • identify the needs of living things and observing living things in the environment.
  • investigate the importance of air to living things and explaining how living things need air to survive.
  • investigate the importance of food to living things and why living things need food to survive.
  • explain the importance of water to plants and that living things need water to survive.
  • understand shelters of hermit crabs and living things and their shelters.
  • classify and sort living and non-living things.
  • investigate living things meeting their needs in unique ways and compare the needs of different living things. 
  • plan the needs of a chosen living thing communicate the needs of their chosen living thing.
  • report and communicate.


Teaching Resources
  • Lessons
  • Teaching Guide
  • Student Workbook
  • Recital List
  • Living Planet Handbook


Progress tests
Progress tests are conducted after every second lesson, allowing teachers to monitor student understanding of the concepts taught over the past two lessons and to identify where reteaching is needed. The Teaching Guide contains the testing questions, and the Student Workbook has a section where students write their answers and score themselves.
Structured Research Activity
The Structured Research Activity (SRA) for this unit is: Students create and present a mini documentary about a living thing. The SRA takes place over two lessons so students can apply the Science Understanding and Science Inquiry Skills covered in the unit. Teachers use the Guide to Making Judgements, which is included in the Teaching Guide, to mark the SRA.
End-of-unit assessment
The last lesson is the end-of-unit assessment, which has a variety of question formats (e.g. label the diagram, circle the correct answer) to assess student mastery of content from the unit.
The end-of-unit assessment is in the Teaching Guide. Teachers copy the assessment and distribute to students at testing time.

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